NBC (Neighborhood Breakpoint Conservation) is a method that identifies recurrent copy number variants in multiple individuals using Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH).aCGH computes the ratio of test:reference DNA for probes located on the reference genome. NBC first uses a Bayesian changepoint algorithm to identify probes, called breakpoints, that change from low-to-high or high-to-low copy number with high probability. A binomial statistic is then applied to identify breakpoints and pairs of breakpoints that appear in a statistically significant number of individuals.
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A. Ritz, P.L. Paris, M.M. Ittmann, C. Collins, and B.J. Raphael. (2011)
Detection of Recurrent Rearrangement Breakpoints from Copy Number Data.
BMC Bioinformatics 2011, 12:114 doi:10.1186/1471-2105-12-114